Sands and Pine Groves Trail

Route POI
Index card


The pine groves which occupy the inland dunes originate from the systematic replanting at the start of the twentieth century. To complete the process of stabilising the dunes, pine seeds were planted, primarily of stone pines, maritime pines (Pinus pinaster) and Aleppo pines.

The dunes now have a dense covering of pines which easily exceed 10 metres in height. Below the pines, a fairly open undergrowth has developed with a significant presence of mastic (Pistacia lentiscus) and Mediterranean buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus). Where light enters with more strength, there are heliophile species such as rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), and various types of cistus (Cistus sp.). There are also stands of holm oak (Quercus ilex), generally shrubby in shape.