Gateway in the shadow of Collserola
The town of Sant Cugat runs along the north-western side of the Serra de Collserola uplands as far as the lower valley. Given its geographical location, its temperate Mediterranean climate, geology, hydrology, flora and fauna, it boasts considerable biological wealth and diversity.
The considerable woodland area is one key feature: with a total surface area of 4,832 ha (48.32 square kilometres), more than half is woodland (2,578 ha), with 2,201 hectares tree-covered. Sant Cugat is the borough containing the largest proportion of the Serra de Collserola Nature Park (some 44%), and its boundaries include two partial nature reserves: Font Groga and Rierada-Can Balasc.
Outside the town itself the combination of woodland areas and essentially dryland crops make up a patchwork which encourages biodiversity.
Humanity has left its mark both within the Serra de Collserola uplands and in the municipal borough itself, in the way the landscape has been shaped as well as the number of archaeological remains and buildings to be found, representing a wealth of heritage.
The sites of interest include the Torre Negra, the Serra de Galliners, the Els Alous lake, the Pi d’en Xandri pine tree, the Font Groga and the Rierada.
Meanwhile, the network of streams and rivers that criss-cross Sant Cugat form important biological corridors to be preserved: the watercourses of Sant Cugat, Vallvidrera, Can Cabassa and Saladrigues.
Source: Sant Cugat Local Council. Environment.